Duck Farm
Ducks out of Water

No doubt you’ve spent many happy days feeding ducks on your local river or pond. To state the obvious, ducks are water birds - evolved to eat, swim, dive, clean and play in water. Yet an investigation by Viva! has revealed that even these animals are factory farmed - where they never even see water, except in their drinkers. Denied this fundamental requirement, they can’t preen properly and find it hard to keep warm. Without water they may develop eye problems and even blindness. Without water, their lives have little meaning.

Although white, most farmed ducks are descended from Mallards - the brown ducks and handsome, green-headed drakes seen on every village pond. Like them, they would love to fly at 50 mph, to choose a mate and to live for 10 years or more. Fly? Some can hardly walk because of leg deformities. There’s no mating and life ends brutally after seven weeks - many will be fully conscious when their throats are cut.

All across the world, Britain included, ducks are being driven off ponds and into intensive sheds. 95 per cent of duck meat sold in restaurants and supermarkets is from birds reared indoors. Up to 10,000 ducks in one ‘unit’, with faeces-sodden litter - that can result in painful ammonia burns.

In the crowded sheds, there’s no sun, no wind and no rain to run off their backs - just constant, artificial light. Unsurprisingly, many become diseased and die. Others are pushed on to their backs where, unable to right themselves, they starve to death.

Dead Duck

A duck eats by straining plankton and tasty morsels from the water through its beak. This vital organ is as sensitive as finger tips. Despite this, Viva! exposed the fact that one UK producer, Kerry Foods’, response was to slice the end off to prevent ‘feather pulling’ - a product of the stressful conditions! These Muscovy-type ducklings are imported to the UK from France at just a day old. The mutilation can lead to constant pain. Viva! targeted all UK supermarkets with 'Days of Actions' where are supporters talked to customers and gave them info outside the stores across the UK. This resulted in us stopping the debeaking of ducks in Britain. In the USA, our duck campaign led to a supermarket chain, Whole Foods, withdrawing all factory farmed duck meat - and then all factory farmed products.

Another UK-based company, Cherry Valley, is the biggest producer of duck meat in the world and it brags “... an enterprise which is both the most intensive of its kind anywhere... As many as 85,000 birds can be looked after by only one person....”

Manor Farm, which has supplied Marks & Spencer, Iceland and Safeway was filmed by Viva! in 2004 - the footage shows ill, dying and dead ducklings in crowded sheds.

Gressingham Foods, formerly Green Label, has now taken over Kerry Foods and Manor Farm Ducklings. Recent Viva! investigations have shown that they don't even provide water troughs for ducks in some of their units, meaning that ducks cannot even immerse their heads in water to preen.

Beautiful birds, still driven by a powerful call of the wild, are being denied all freedom in stinking factory farms - while those responsible boast about it. Viva! is campaigning to stop supermarkets from selling factory farmed ducks.

For further information, please see www.viva.org.uk/campaigns/ducks
Watch our undercover video of duck farms. (3MB / 3m 22s)
Watch our footage of the Manor Farm investigation. (9.9MB / 3m 2s)
Read our report "Duck out of Water".

Viva! Vegetarians International Voice for Animals
8 York Court, Wilder Street, Bristol, BS2 8QH, UK
T: 0117 944 1000 F: 0117 924 4646 E: info@viva.org.uk
www.viva.org.uk